2019. “Reflexivity and Temporality in Researching Violent Settings: Problems with the Replicability and Transparency Regime.” Geopolitics, forthcoming. Full text here.

2018. “Has Liberia Turned a Corner?Journal of Democracy 29(3): 156-170 (with Benjamin Spatz). Full text here.

2017. “Nicaragua: A Return to Caudillismo.” Journal of Democracy 28(2): 157-169. Full text here. An addendum and correction note regarding endnote 22 is here.

2017. “Mixed Methods Research in the Study of Political and Social Violence and Conflict.” Journal of Mixed Methods Research 11(1): 59-76. Full text here.

2016. “Dynamique et diversité des armées africaines: État des connaissances.” Afrique Contemporaine 2016/4(260): 27-44 (with Jason Warner). Full text here. Full pre-print text in English here.

2014. “Socioeconomic Conditions and Violence in Cape Town, South Africa.” Economics of Peace and Security 9(2): 34-42 (with Jeremy Seekings). Full text here.

2012. “Ideology and Violence in Civil Wars: Theory and Evidence from Mozambique and Angola.” Civil Wars 14(4): 546-567. Full text here.

2012. “Foreshadowing Future Slaughter: From the Indonesian Killings of 1965-66 to Genocide in East Timor.” Genocide Studies and Prevention 7(2/3): 204-222. Full text here.

2009. “Avoiding the Abyss: Finding a Way Forward in Guinea-Bissau.” Portuguese Journal of International Affairs 1(2): 3-14. Full text here.

Book Chapters

2019. “Mixed Methods in the Study of Violence,” in Walter S. DeKeseredy, Callie Marie Rennison, and Amanda K. Hall-Sanchez (eds.), The Routledge International Handbook of Violence Studies, pp.19-29 (New York: Routledge). Full text here.

2018. “U.S. Action and Inaction in the Massacre of Communists and Alleged Communists in Indonesia,” in Samuel Totten (ed.), Dirty Hands and Vicious Deeds: The US Government’s Complicity in Crimes Against Humanity and Genocide, pp.23-69 (Toronto: University of Toronto Press). Full pre-print text here. See my Washington Post Monkey Cage piece on the enduring significance of U.S. support for Indonesia’s military during mass killings here.

2013. “Brazil, Biofuels, and Food Security in Mozambique,” in Renu Modi and Fantu Cheru (eds.), Agricultural Development and Food Security in Africa: The Impact of Chinese, Indian and Brazilian Investments, pp.145-158 (London: Zed Books). Full text here.


2012. Armed Violence: The Untold Story (with Rashmi Thapa). Brussels: Handicap International, 62pp. (Data manager and analyst and author of Colombia and Haiti chapters.) Full text here.

Book Reviews and Correspondence

2019. “Roundtable 11-3 on Ethnic Politics and State Power in Africa: The Logic of the Coup–Civil War Trap.H-Diplo/ISSF Roundtable 11(3): 12-16. Full text here.

2018. “Correspondence: Ideological Extremism in Armed Conflict,” International Security 43(1): 186-190 (with Jonathan Leader Maynard). Full text here.

2015. Review of Stephen A. Emerson, The Battle for Mozambique: The Frelimo-Renamo Struggle, 1977-1992 (Solihull, England: Helion & Company and Pinetown, South Africa: 30° South, 2014), War in History 22(4): 571-573. Full text here.

Public Writing

2020. “Two years after Nicaragua’s mass uprising started, why is Daniel Ortega still in power?The Washington Post Monkey Cage, 1 May (with Mateo Jarquín).

2020. “Nicaragua is Stumbling into Coronavirus Disaster.” Foreign Policy, 17 April.

2019. “Violence is Sometimes the Answer: Protesters get slammed by critics whenever they use force. But for the state, it’s normalized.” Foreign Policy, 5 December. Discussed on the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace’s ‘The World Unpacked’ podcast.

2019. “Repression and Resilience in Nicaragua: How Daniel Ortega Weathered 2018 Storm…and What Comes Next.” ReVista: Harvard Review of Latin American Studies, 28 August (with Eric Mosinger).

2019. “Authoritarian Resilience: Why Bouteflika and Bashir Fell, but Ortega Remains,” Political Violence @ a Glance, 30 April.

2019. “Flying Blind in Crisis Time: The US Strategic and Human Foreign Policy Deficit,” Duck of Minerva, 28 February.

2019. “Resisting Democratic Erosion in Latin America and Beyond,” Political Violence @ a Glance, 15 January. Republished by LAC Perspectivas (Korbel School Latin America Center).

2018. “Aid and Diplomacy, Not Tear Gas: How to Address the Central American Migrant Crisis,” Duck of Minerva, 27 November. Republished by The Big Q (New Zealand).

2018. “Peacekeeping’s Perverse Effects: Bolsonaro and Brazil’s Remilitarized Politics,” Duck of Minerva, 16 October.

2018. “Repression, Regime Consolidation, and Latin America’s Authoritarian (Re)Turn,” Political Violence @ a Glance, 25 September.

2018. “In massive street protests, Nicaraguans are using Ortega’s revolutionary symbols against him,” The Washington Post Monkey Cage, 14 May (with Yerling Aguilera and Eric Mosinger).

2018. “A New Nicaraguan Revolution? Understanding This Week’s Popular Protests?Political Violence @ a Glance, 3 May (with Eric Mosinger).

2018. “Nicaragua protests threaten an authoritarian regime that looked like it might never fall,” The Conversation, 2 May (with Eric Mosinger). Republished by PRI, San Francisco Chronicle, Pacific Standard, and San Antonio News-Express.

2016. “Hurricane Mary,” Roads and Kingdoms, 17 February. News story on the politics of informality, development, and destructive government clean-up efforts in Monrovia, Liberia, with photos by Ben Cleeton.