2019. “Reflexivity and Temporality in Researching Violent Settings: Problems with the Replicability and Transparency Regime.” Geopolitics, forthcoming. Full text here.

2018. “Has Liberia Turned a Corner?Journal of Democracy 29(3): 156-170 (with Benjamin Spatz). Full text here.

2017. “Nicaragua: A Return to Caudillismo.” Journal of Democracy 28(2): 157-169. Full text here. An addendum and correction note regarding endnote 22 is here.

2017. “Mixed Methods Research in the Study of Political and Social Violence and Conflict.” Journal of Mixed Methods Research 11(1): 59-76. Full text here.

2016. “Dynamique et diversité des armées africaines: État des connaissances.” Afrique Contemporaine 2016/4(260): 27-44 (with Jason Warner). Full text here. Full pre-print text in English here.

2014. “Socioeconomic Conditions and Violence in Cape Town, South Africa.” Economics of Peace and Security 9(2): 34-42 (with Jeremy Seekings). Full text here.

2012. “Ideology and Violence in Civil Wars: Theory and Evidence from Mozambique and Angola.” Civil Wars 14(4): 546-567. Full text here.

2012. “Foreshadowing Future Slaughter: From the Indonesian Killings of 1965-66 to Genocide in East Timor.” Genocide Studies and Prevention 7(2/3): 204-222. Full text here.

2009. “Avoiding the Abyss: Finding a Way Forward in Guinea-Bissau.” Portuguese Journal of International Affairs 1(2): 3-14. Full text here.

Book Chapters

2019. “Mixed Methods in the Study of Violence,” in Walter S. DeKeseredy, Callie Marie Rennison, and Amanda K. Hall-Sanchez (eds.), The Routledge International Handbook of Violence Studies, pp.19-29 (New York: Routledge). Full text here.

2018. “U.S. Action and Inaction in the Massacre of Communists and Alleged Communists in Indonesia,” in Samuel Totten (ed.), Dirty Hands and Vicious Deeds: The US Government’s Complicity in Crimes Against Humanity and Genocide, pp.23-69 (Toronto: University of Toronto Press). Full pre-print text here. See my Washington Post Monkey Cage piece on the enduring significance of U.S. support for Indonesia’s military during mass killings here.

2013. “Brazil, Biofuels, and Food Security in Mozambique,” in Renu Modi and Fantu Cheru (eds.), Agricultural Development and Food Security in Africa: The Impact of Chinese, Indian and Brazilian Investments, pp.145-158 (London: Zed Books). Full text here.


2012. Armed Violence: The Untold Story (with Rashmi Thapa). Brussels: Handicap International, 62pp. (Data manager and analyst and author of Colombia and Haiti chapters.) Full text here.

Book Reviews and Correspondence

2018. “Correspondence: Ideological Extremism in Armed Conflict,” International Security 43(1): 186-190 (with Jonathan Leader Maynard). Full text here.

2015. Review of Stephen A. Emerson, The Battle for Mozambique: The Frelimo-Renamo Struggle, 1977-1992 (Solihull, England: Helion & Company and Pinetown, South Africa: 30° South, 2014), War in History 22(4): 571-573. Full text here.

Public Writing

2019. “Authoritarian Resilience: Why Bouteflika and Bashir Fell, but Ortega Remains,” Political Violence @ a Glance, 30 April. Examines why some civil resistance campaigns succeed and others fail to topple dictators, highlighting the importance of security force defections and their absence in Nicaragua since April 2018.

2019. “Flying Blind in Crisis Time: The US Strategic and Human Foreign Policy Deficit,” Duck of Minerva, 28 February. Amid crises in Venezuela, India and Pakistan, and the failed Hanoi nuclear summit, the US lacks strategy and expertise, creating openings for new foreign policy visions.

2019. “Resisting Democratic Erosion in Latin America and Beyond,” Political Violence @ a Glance, 15 January. Possibilities for different segments of government and society to resist authoritarian leaders and democratic erosion. Republished by LAC Perspectivas (Korbel School Latin America Center).

2018. “Aid and Diplomacy, Not Tear Gas: How to Address the Central American Migrant Crisis,” Duck of Minerva, 27 November. The folly of militarizing US immigration enforcement and the border with Mexico, and why aid and diplomatic efforts to contribute to stabilization in northern Central America is a better policy. Republished by The Big Q (New Zealand).

2018. “Peacekeeping’s Perverse Effects: Bolsonaro and Brazil’s Remilitarized Politics,” Duck of Minerva, 16 October. How Brazilian peacekeeping efforts abroad may have contributed to the military’s renewed role in Brazilian politics around the presidential election won by Jair Bolsonaro.

2018. “Repression, Regime Consolidation, and Latin America’s Authoritarian (Re)Turn,” Political Violence @ a Glance, 25 September. Commentary on the rising tide of authoritarianism in Latin America across the political spectrum.

2018. “In massive street protests, Nicaraguans are using Ortega’s revolutionary symbols against him,” The Washington Post Monkey Cage, 14 May (with Yerling Aguilera and Eric Mosinger). Analysis of how Nicaraguan protesters have reclaimed the country’s revolutionary heritage and turned it against the Ortega government.

2018. “A New Nicaraguan Revolution? Understanding This Week’s Popular Protests?Political Violence @ a Glance, 3 May (with Eric Mosinger). Analysis of the emergence and dynamics of the 2018 Nicaraguan social security and democracy protests.

2018. “Nicaragua protests threaten an authoritarian regime that looked like it might never fall,” The Conversation, 2 May (with Eric Mosinger). Analysis on the Ortega-Murillo regime’s elite coalition after the 2018 protests. Republished by PRI, San Francisco Chronicle, Pacific Standard, and San Antonio News-Express.

2016. “Hurricane Mary,” Roads and Kingdoms, 17 February. News story on the politics of informality, development, and destructive government clean-up efforts in Monrovia, Liberia, with photos by Ben Cleeton.