Forthcoming. “Framing Police Violence: Repression, Resistance, and the Persistent Power of History in Chile,” Journal of Politics (with Lisa Mueller and Eric Mosinger). Accepted version with appendices here. Replication materials here.

2022. “Rebel Mobilization through Pandering: Insincere Leaders and Exploitation of Popular Grievances,” Security Studies 31(3): 351-380. Full text here. Methodological appendix available on Security Studies Dataverse here.

2022. “Taking Responsibility and Tying Hands: The Case for Limiting U.S. Relationships with Armed Groups,” Harvard International Law Journal Online 63. Full text here.

2022. “Nicaragua: Doubling Down on Dictatorship,” Journal of Democracy 33(2): 133-146 (with Eric Mosinger). Full text here. Due to space and citation limits, an additional annotated bibliography is here. Covered in Foreign Policy‘s Latin America Brief.

2022. “Delegation, Sponsorship, and Autonomy: An Integrated Framework for Understanding Armed Group-State Relationships.” Journal of Global Security Studies 7(1): ogab026. Full text here.

2022. “Civil Resistance in the Shadow of the Revolution: Historical Framing in Nicaragua’s Sudden Uprising.” Comparative Politics 54(2): 253-277 (with Eric Mosinger, Diana Paz García, and Charlotte Fowler). Full text here.

2021. “Military Integration and Intelligence Capacity: Informational Effects of Incorporating Former Rebels.” Political Research Exchange 3(1): 1-21. Full text here.

2021. “Reflexivity and Temporality in Researching Violent Settings: Problems with the Replicability and Transparency Regime.” Geopolitics 26(1): 18-44. Full text here.

2018. “Has Liberia Turned a Corner?Journal of Democracy 29(3): 156-170 (with Benjamin Spatz). Full text here.

2017. “Nicaragua: A Return to Caudillismo.” Journal of Democracy 28(2): 157-169. Full text here. An addendum and clarification note regarding endnote 22 is here.

2017. “Mixed Methods Research in the Study of Political and Social Violence and Conflict.” Journal of Mixed Methods Research 11(1): 59-76. Full text here.

2016. “Dynamique et diversité des armées africaines: État des connaissances.” Afrique Contemporaine 2016/4(260): 27-44 (with Jason Warner). Full text here. Full pre-print text in English here.

2014. “Socioeconomic Conditions and Violence in Cape Town, South Africa.” Economics of Peace and Security 9(2): 34-42 (with Jeremy Seekings). Full text here.

2012. “Ideology and Violence in Civil Wars: Theory and Evidence from Mozambique and Angola.” Civil Wars 14(4): 546-567. Full text here.

2012. “Foreshadowing Future Slaughter: From the Indonesian Killings of 1965-66 to Genocide in East Timor.” Genocide Studies and Prevention 7(2/3): 204-222. Full text here.

2009. “Avoiding the Abyss: Finding a Way Forward in Guinea-Bissau.” Portuguese Journal of International Affairs 1(2): 3-14. Full text here.

Edited Special Issue

2022. Challenging Autocracy and Impunity in Central America, Democracy and Autocracy 20(2). Co-editor and co-author of “Editors’ Introduction” with Luciana Chamorro. Full issue here.

Book Chapters

2022. “Nicaragua: Populist Performance and Authoritarian Practice during Covid-19” in Nils Ringe and Lucio Renno (eds.), Populists and the Pandemic: How Populists Around the World Responded to COVID-19 (New York: Routledge), pp.184-195 (with Rachel Schwartz). Full text here.

2021. “Nicaragua and Covid-19: Authoritarian Indifference,” in Jan Nederveen Pieterse, Haeran Lim, and Habibul Khonder (eds.), Covid-19 and Governance: Crisis Reveals, pp.229-241 (New York: Routledge). Full text here.

2019. “Mixed Methods in the Study of Violence,” in Walter S. DeKeseredy, Callie Marie Rennison, and Amanda K. Hall-Sanchez (eds.), The Routledge International Handbook of Violence Studies, pp.19-29 (New York: Routledge). Full text here.

2018. “U.S. Action and Inaction in the Massacre of Communists and Alleged Communists in Indonesia,” in Samuel Totten (ed.), Dirty Hands and Vicious Deeds: The US Government’s Complicity in Crimes Against Humanity and Genocide, pp.23-69 (Toronto: University of Toronto Press). Full text here. See my Washington Post Monkey Cage piece on the enduring significance of U.S. support for Indonesia’s military during mass killings here.

2013. “Brazil, Biofuels, and Food Security in Mozambique,” in Renu Modi and Fantu Cheru (eds.), Agricultural Development and Food Security in Africa: The Impact of Chinese, Indian and Brazilian Investments, pp.145-158 (London: Zed Books). Full text here.


2012. Armed Violence: The Untold Story (with Rashmi Thapa). Brussels: Handicap International, 62pp. (Data manager and analyst and author of Colombia and Haiti chapters.) Full text here.

Book Reviews, Correspondence, and Published Working Papers

2022. “Political Repression, State-Sponsored Violence, and Risks to Government Opponents in Nicaragua under the Ortega-Murillo Regime,” CeMeCA’s Regional Expert Paper Series No. 2, New York: Columbia University’s Center for Mexico and Central America. Full text here.

2021. Review of Political Leadership in Africa: Leaders and Development South of the Sahara by Giovanni Carbone and Alessandro Pellegata (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2020). Journal of Interdisciplinary History 52(2): 296-298. Full text here.

2021. Review of Gambling with Violence: State Outsourcing of War in Pakistan and India by Yelena Biberman (New York: Oxford University Press, 2019). Political Science Quarterly 136(3): 588-89. Full text here.

2019. “Roundtable 11-3 on Ethnic Politics and State Power in Africa: The Logic of the Coup–Civil War Trap.H-Diplo/ISSF Roundtable 11(3): 12-16. Full text here.

2018. “Correspondence: Ideological Extremism in Armed Conflict,” International Security 43(1): 186-190 (with Jonathan Leader Maynard). Full text here.

2015. Review of Stephen A. Emerson, The Battle for Mozambique: The Frelimo-Renamo Struggle, 1977-1992 (Solihull, England: Helion & Company and Pinetown, South Africa: 30° South, 2014), War in History 22(4): 571-573. Full text here.