Forthcoming. “The Dynamics and Diversity of African Militaries: The State of Knowledge.” Afrique Contemporaine (with Jason Warner). Full pre-print text here.

2017. “Nicaragua: A Return to Caudillismo.” Journal of Democracy 28(2): 157-169. Full text here. An addendum and correction note regarding endnote 22 is here.

2017. “Mixed Methods Research in the Study of Political and Social Violence and Conflict.” Journal of Mixed Methods Research 11(1): 59-76. Full text here.

2014. “Socioeconomic Conditions and Violence in Cape Town, South Africa.” Economics of Peace and Security 9(2): 34-42 (with Jeremy Seekings). Full text here.

2012. “Ideology and Violence in Civil Wars: Theory and Evidence from Mozambique and Angola.” Civil Wars 14(4): 546-567. Full text here.

2012. “Foreshadowing Future Slaughter: From the Indonesian Killings of 1965-66 to Genocide in East Timor.” Genocide Studies and Prevention 7(2/3): 204-222. Full text here.

2009. “Avoiding the Abyss: Finding a Way Forward in Guinea-Bissau.” Portuguese Journal of International Affairs 1(2): 3-14. Full text here.

Book Chapters

Forthcoming. “U.S. Action and Inaction in the Massacre of Communists and Alleged Communists in Indonesia,” forthcoming in Samuel Totten (ed.), Dirty Hands and Vicious Deeds: The US Government’s Complicity in Crimes Against Humanity and Genocide (Toronto: University of Toronto Press). Full pre-print text here. See my Washington Post Monkey Cage piece on the enduring significance of U.S. support for Indonesia’s military during mass killings here.

2013. “Brazil, Biofuels, and Food Security in Mozambique,” in Renu Modi and Fantu Cheru (eds.), Agricultural Development and Food Security in Africa: The Impact of Chinese, Indian and Brazilian Investments, pp.145-158 (London: Zed Books). Full text here.


2012. Armed Violence: The Untold Story (with Rashmi Thapa). Brussels: Handicap International, 62pp. (Data manager and analyst and author of Colombia and Haiti chapters.) Full text here.

Book Review

2015. Review of Stephen A. Emerson, The Battle for Mozambique: The Frelimo-Renamo Struggle, 1977-1992 (Solihull, England: Helion & Company and Pinetown, South Africa: 30° South, 2014), War in History 22(4): 571-573. Full text here.


2016. “Hurricane Mary,” Roads and Kingdoms, 17 February. News story on the politics of informality, development, and destructive government clean-up efforts in Monrovia, Liberia, with photos by Ben Cleeton.